Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a term many have heard, but few truly understand. As women go about their lives, they might find themselves or those around them grappling with a myriad of symptoms that, while common, can be bewildering and even debilitating. At Summit Women’s & Wellness Medical Group, located in the heart of Rancho Cucamonga, CA, we believe that comprehending PMS is paramount for every woman. Let’s demystify this complex condition and shed light on its intricacies.

1. What is PMS?

PMS, in essence, is a collection of physical, psychological, and behavioral symptoms that women may experience in the two weeks preceding menstruation. These symptoms typically recede with the onset of menstruation. Although it’s a common phenomenon, affecting a significant portion of women of reproductive age, the severity and type of symptoms can vary widely.

2. Symptoms and Their Spectrum

The list of PMS symptoms is extensive, ranging from mood swings, irritability, and overwhelming feelings, to physical discomforts like bloating, breast tenderness, and fatigue. Some women might experience just a few mild symptoms, while others might grapple with a more extensive and intense set.

3. Underlying Causes

The exact cause of PMS remains a topic of ongoing research. However, hormonal fluctuations in the menstrual cycle play a pivotal role. Serotonin, a neurotransmitter believed to regulate mood, might also play a part, especially in women who experience mood disruptions as a predominant symptom.

4. PMS or PMDD?

While PMS is relatively common, a more severe form known as Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) affects a smaller percentage of women. PMDD includes acute mood disturbances that can impact daily functioning. Distinguishing between PMS and PMDD is crucial for proper treatment and management.

5. Management and Treatment

Managing PMS often requires a multifaceted approach. Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, dietary changes, and stress management techniques can be beneficial. Over-the-counter pain relievers might alleviate physical discomfort; for some, antidepressants or hormonal treatments can be prescribed.

6. When to Seek Medical Advice

It’s essential for women to recognize when PMS symptoms are more than just a monthly inconvenience. If symptoms are disruptive to daily life, seeking medical intervention is imperative. Early diagnosis and intervention can significantly enhance the quality of life.

Your Wellness, Our Priority: Connect with Summit Women’s & Wellness Today!

The journey through womanhood is complex, and PMS is just one facet of that intricate tapestry. While it’s a shared experience for many, every woman’s PMS journey is unique. At Summit Women’s & Wellness Medical Group in Rancho Cucamonga, CA, we are committed to understanding your individual experience and offering personalized guidance. Let’s navigate the world of women’s health together. Schedule your consultation today and take the first step towards comprehensive wellness.


  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)
  2. Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
  3. The Mayo Clinic